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What Causes Wrinkles Under the Eyes?

Wrinkles around our eyes can make us look older and too self-conscious. Eye-to-eye contact might become a struggle and because of our worries and stress the wrinkles might look worse.

It’s inevitable to develop wrinkles because as we age, our skin’s ability to hold collagen and moisture diminishes. It even gets worse because of sun exposure (UV rays can accelerate skin ageing) especially in this harsh Australian climate where most of us are not suited to Australia’s high UV rays.

What causes wrinkles under the eyes?

The plain cause is ageing but the wrinkles might appear much earlier due to our daily habits and stress. The wrinkles under the eyes can also be caused or accelerated by sun damage, smoking, squinting and even smiling (notice that when you smile the skin around your eyes fold). We can still change our habit of smiling, squinting and smoking once we become aware that these cause wrinkles. However, it can be hard to deal with (or it takes a lot more effort and awareness) if we’re talking about sun damage, stress and the natural effects of ageing.

Preventing or minimising sun damage requires a commitment of regularly applying sun protection (SPF30 and above). Always bring a bottle with you because you’ll never know when you have to stay or walk outside for long. Although it’s a cool and moderate weather the sun is still shining and emitting harmful UV rays.

Stress also affects our skin’s health and appearance because of how stress changes our biochemical makeup (which then eventually manifests on our face and other parts of the body). It’s actually difficult to control our thoughts and avoid all kinds of stress. Meditation can help but it’s better to focus on getting a healthy diet and regular exercise because healthy food and physical activity puts our biochemical makeup on the balance.

What about the natural effects of ageing? They’re inevitable and what we can do about wrinkles is to delay their onset and make them less noticeable. Skincare products with hyaluronic acid can help minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Application of this kind of product should be a commitment though so that we can get the maximum benefits (some products might have a recommendation of once or twice a day of application).

It takes some work to make the wrinkles under the eyes less noticeable but in exchange we can gain more confidence as we face the mirror and go to social gatherings (or get more confident for dates, job interviews and business presentations). It’s also good to maintain a cheerful attitude (together with application of effective skincare products) so that you can both look and feel good in the inside and outside.

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What Causes Skin Ageing and Other FAQs

Sunlight is one major cause of skin ageing. Over time, the sun’s ultraviolet rays can reduce the skin’s elasticity which can then lead to wrinkles and skin sagging and thinning.

Skin ageing itself though is a natural and inevitable process. Frequent exposure to sunlight without adequate protection can accelerate the problem and make it look worse. The result is premature skin ageing wherein the effects go beyond the skin appearance because the person’s confidence also gets affected.

What are the signs of skin ageing

It’s a natural process and even with a good skincare plan, these natural skin problems will still manifest:

  • Skin thinning wherein the epidermis gets thinner because cell production is getting slower
  • Sagging where gravity plays a huge role. However, it gets worse because as we age our skin produces lower levels of elastin and collagen.
  • Wrinkles which are also caused by lower levels of elastin and collagen especially near the eyes and mouth.
  • Dryness where our skin gets less protection from harsh outside elements because as we age our skin will have fewer oil glands and sweat glands. This can then make our skin more prone to itching and roughness.

How to reduce the signs of skin ageing

As mentioned earlier, sunlight is a major cause because it accelerates ageing and even damages the skin cell’s DNA. As a result, the first major step for taking care of your skin is protecting yourself from sunlight. It’s highly recommended to stay out of the sun especially when the sun is as its highest (the higher the sun is in the sky, the higher the UV radiation level). This is very important especially in Australia because our country is close to the equator and there are many days of clear skies (few clouds to protect us from the sun’s UV rays).

It’s also good to apply sunscreen with SPF30+ for better protection especially if you’re planning to stay under the sun for extended periods of time. Always bring a bottle of sunscreen especially if it’s summertime so you’ll always have some protection. In addition, it’s also good to moisturise to better protect your skin. Moisturisers can help in making the fine lines and wrinkles less noticeable.

It’s about building healthy habits for the long term especially when it comes to your skin. Although some treatments can reverse the signs and even make them disappear completely, you can slow down skin ageing (or let it proceed in a natural course) by adopting healthy practices such as limiting sun exposure, applying sunscreen and moisturising regularly.

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Sunscreen FAQs: The Most Important Things You Should Know

How does sunscreen actually work? Is sunscreen safe? How to choose a sunscreen? Is using sunscreen really effective? Let’s answer these questions and more so you can better protect yourself from harmful UV rays and make a better choice when it comes to buying a sunscreen.

First, how does sunscreen actually work? It’s about scattering and/or absorbing the UV radiation that comes with sunlight. Ultraviolet radiation is harmful because they damage the DNA of skin cells, which can then in turn affect normal skin cell growth. Aside from causing some skin cancers, the UV rays can also cause wrinkles and sunburns. As a result, it’s important to stop the UV radiation from reaching our skin. There are two general ways to accomplish this: Scatter the UV (sunscreen containing minerals such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) and absorb the UV and stop it from reaching the skin (some sunscreen products contain oxybenzone, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor, octocrylene and butyl methoxy dibenzoylmethane).

Is using sunscreen really effective?

As explained above, it’s about scattering and/or absorbing the sun’s UV rays. With the help of UV absorbers and/or scattering ingredients, the sunscreen will be very effective in protecting the skin. However, there are fine details for the products to be really effective. We also have to think of the duration of protection because sunscreen still loses their effectiveness through time and exposure.

For instance, there’s the Sun Protection Factor or SPF. A sunscreen with SPF30 applied will protect the skin from burns and redness for approximately 300 minutes or 5 hours. It’s just theoretical though because the effect varies depending on skin type and UV levels. For maximum protection, it’s always good to choose a sunscreen with SPF30 and higher, water-resistant (e.g. while swimming the water can rapidly wash away the sunscreen) and with broad spectrum (effectively blocks UVA, UVB and UVC rays).

Is sunscreen safe? For babies especially the ones under 12 months old, it’s best to avoid using sunscreen because of the babies’ sensitive skin. Application of sunscreen might result to adverse reactions. For effective sun protection, what works best is to keep the babies away from direct sunlight especially during those times when UV radiation is strongest (e.g. middle of the day during summer and UV rays can be the strongest between 10am and 4pm). This also applies to us adults because no type or amount of sunscreen can really protect us if we’re pushing it too far.

How to choose a sunscreen

As mentioned earlier, it’s good to choose a sunscreen with broad-spectrum coverage, water-resistant and with a high SPF. Also, it’s good to consider your skin type (dry skin) before purchasing a bottle of sunscreen.

It also helps if you purchase at least two bottles where there’s one you have at home and one in your car or a bottle that you can always bring with you whenever you go out. You’ll never know how long you’d be in the sun and when outdoors will be very unforgiving.

There might still be issues about using sunscreen but the risk of not using it is just far greater. In 2015 alone there are almost a million cases of skin cancer in Australia. In fact, every year skin cancer causes more deaths than transport accidents. It’s time to get serious about sunscreen because of how sunlight can damage our skin and affect our health.

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How to Make Your Skincare Routine Less Overwhelming

Establishing your skincare routine and finding the right skincare products is an overwhelming and intimidating experience. There are at least 30 skincare products and possibly hundreds of combinations so you can build a routine. There are also at least 10 ingredients in skincare products (and the list gets longer each year) with simple and complex-sounding names.

With all that how do you make your skincare routine less overwhelming and more doable then? Let’s briefly discuss here how to make it all simple while still taking best care of your skin.

Cleanser, moisturiser and sunscreen

For most skin types these three product types are already enough. Here’s some useful information so you can choose the right products:

  • Cleanser (Using it twice a day is normal. But choose gentle products with keywords such as “pH balanced”).
  • Moisturiser (e.g. Look for keywords such as “hydrating” and “nourishing” if you have dry skin.)
  • Sunscreen (This is important. Choose products with SPF 30 or higher and apply sunscreen each day of the year no matter the weather.)

Applying sunscreen is more about protecting your health than preventing skin ageing. When it comes to moisturiser it’s about preventing wrinkles (and preventing the existing ones from looking worse). Cleanser is about removing dirt, excess oil and makeup from your skin so that it won’t get irritated.

Starting and sustaining a skincare routine

Keep it simple by everyday use of cleanser, moisturiser and sunscreen. Use a gentle cleanser both morning and evening. When it comes to using moisturisers use “lightweight” and “non-greasy” ones if you have oily skin (if you have dry skin choose thicker or more hydrating variants). What about sunscreen? Sunscreen is a must every day but if you have oily skin, choose oil-free sunscreen products.

Your skincare routine might vary a little due to your skin type (oily or dry?). But morning and evening using a cleanser is helpful in taking care of your skin. Sunscreen is also very helpful and always put a bottle in your bag so in case you forgot to apply it and you’re going outdoors you’ll always be ready.

That’s it. Keep it simple and you also make it doable. If you have just three bottles (plus one or two serums perhaps) to think about, sticking to the routine becomes a lot easier. Also, you still ensure that you get enough protection for your skin for the long term.

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Here are 3 Skincare Trends That Will Become the Standard

Trends are often known for being short-lived. Today it’s the trend but tomorrow it’s totally different. It’s especially the case with skincare where from time to time there’s something new.

Whether it’s due to new scientific researches or evolving customer preferences, there will always be skincare trends. However, some of the current trends are likely to become the standards in achieving a healthy and younger-looking skin. Let’s explore a few of those trends.

1. Going natural

This has been going for some time and it’s likely to stay for years to come. After all, customers are getting more aware of the potential effects of some chemicals found in everyday skincare products.

For instance, the potential effects of parabens, triclosan and other substances with complex real chemical names are alarming. For many decades there were no issues but due to modern toxicological tests and scientific findings, their harmful cellular effects are now being established.

As a result, more and more people look for natural ingredients whenever they’re buying a skincare product (whether it’s a moisturiser, sunscreen, exfoliant or cleanser). Customers also now stay away whenever they find something that sounds harmful (or if there’s parabens or triclosan).

2. Personalised skincare

We have varying skin needs and we also have to think about where we live, the kind of weather we’re exposed to and even the level of pollutants in our area. Our regular activities and lifestyle might also have something to say when it comes to our individual skin needs.

As a result, our individual skincare should be customised to best address our skin concerns and get more results out of each product we purchase. However, this is still difficult to achieve (both scientifically and in terms of the cost) which is why we still have to settle with products we can get from the shelves (these skincare products are often designed for the “average” user).

3. Taking charge of your own skincare

Although we still can’t achieve a 100% personalised skincare, we can still take charge of how we care for our skin and keep it younger looking. We don’t allow destiny, environment or circumstances to dictate whether our skin should stay as it is or improve to increase our confidence. What we want is to make the decisions ourselves and choose the right products that we think are best for us.

As a result, we’re becoming more vigilant when it comes to the choice of skincare products. We carefully read the labels and search for science-backed claims before putting anything in our skin. This way we gain peace of mind and what we’re doing is based in science.

Skincare trends that will become the standard

Those are just some of the trends that are likely to become standards (going natural, personalised skincare, taking charge). This is the result of evolving customer requirements and latest researches as well.

In response to those trends and our commitment to helping customers achieve excellent results, here at Earth Derm we have highly effective exfoliants, cleansers, moisturisers, serums, correctives and other skincare products that have scientifically proven mechanism of action and ingredients. Contact us today if you want to learn more.

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Younger Skin Without Going Through Surgery?

Is that possible? Achieving a younger-looking skin through surgery is usually people’s last resort. After all, the procedures are usually invasive and require long recovery periods. Most people want to go back to their normal lives and activities as soon as possible.

Although modern procedures are effective in removing lines, wrinkles and pigmentation, many people would still prefer not going under the knife. If there’s a way to look 10 years younger without the surgery, many people would take it. That’s why many are willing to wait out for the results and stick to a proven regimen. This could be tiring and time-consuming though.

But the results could be very worth it. Moreover, there are other interesting benefits with adhering to a skincare routine. For instance, achieving a younger-looking skin through hard work often requires significant lifestyle changes. Aside from the skincare routine at night, adopting a healthy diet would also be implemented. People would also become more aware about protecting their skin from sunlight. In other words, the benefits go beyond achieving a younger-looking skin. Your overall health might improve and you will rely less on artificial means of making your skin appear radiant and younger.

Better skin without the surgery

But how do you accomplish this feat? What’s the sure way of achieving better skin without going through laser treatments and surgical procedures? And how can you make the whole routine easier and without doing a bunch of different things each day and night?

It starts with focusing on your biggest concern. Are you constantly bothered with the fine lines on your forehead, cheek or under the eyes? Are you more concerned about the brown spots?

Thankfully, there are many safe products available that can effectively deal with the fine lines and brown spots. For instance, topical products containing vitamin A (all-trans retinoic acid or Tretinoin) can reduce fine lines and make them less noticeable. On the other hand, brown spots might become less noticeable with the use of tranexamic gel.

Vitamin A is known to increase the rate of collagen synthesis and prevent or slow down its degradation. Collagen is the skin’s main structural protein, which means if the collagen stays abundant and intact, this has a direct effect on the skin’s good appearance.

Tranexamic gel is popular in solving skin hyperpigmentation problems (e.g. melasma, which can be very common in women). It works by inhibiting the production of melanin (the pigment that gives human skin its natural colour).

Topical products containing vitamin A or tranexamic gel can be very effective in solving many skin problems. If you apply them regularly on your skin (with optimal penetration and efficacy), you might already notice results in a few days or weeks. The effectiveness may vary from individual to individual. Also, pregnancy and medical conditions should be considered before using such products.

Preventing skin problems

Sunlight, stress and poor diet may cause premature skin aging. The ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage the DNA of the skin cells. Although sunlight is important in production of vitamin D (in the form that our bodies can use), too much sunlight can do more harm than good.

So if you’re planning to spend a lot of time outdoors (especially if you’re an outdoor sports enthusiasts or it’s just a nice day to have a picnic and walk in the park), make sure that you have ample protection against the sun’s UV rays. For example, there are now available products that act as effective sunscreen. These can effectively protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays.

In addition, you have to try to be reasonable when exposing yourself to the sun (especially your face wherein the effects largely manifest). Most recommended is to go outdoors at the first and last hours of sunlight in your area. Whether it’s winter or summer, sunlight still contains UVA and UVB rays. It’s always recommended to limit your hours outdoors or wear appropriate clothing and apply adequate protection.

Aside from sunlight, stress and poor diet may also affect your skin’s appearance. After all, stress can lead to overproduction (or underproduction) of certain substances. These can affect your bloodstream and eventually your skin cells (because blood transports nutrients and other substances into skin). In addition, stress can lead you to make poor lifestyle choices such as smoking and taking in too much alcoholic drinks.

Cigarette smoke (particularly carbon monoxide) displaces the oxygen in our skin. Moreover, the nicotine present in cigarettes can reduce blood flow. This combination can deplete our skin with the essential nutrients that are essential in skin health and protection (e.g. vitamin C for collagen synthesis and as an antioxidant).

On the other hand, alcoholic drinks can cause dehydration and lead to depletion of essential nutrients from the skin. The alcohol also makes it more difficult for the skin rehydrate. As a result, the skin can appear and feel less supple.

Poor diet can also affect skin health and appearance. After all, our skin cells also require nutrients for them to function normally. Without enough nutrients, our skin cells and the collagen content might be affected negatively.

The effects of sunlight, stress and poor diet are gradual. They might only become noticeable after several months or years. But once they do, the effects are likely to manifest on the face (it’s the most exposed part of our body). That’s why it’s always advisable to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It doesn’t only benefit your skin. Your whole body (including your mood and energy levels) will also benefit.

Younger skin without going through surgery

The best way is often a combination of different effective approaches. If the fine lines and brown spots are really bothering you, purchase topical products that contain vitamin A (fine lines) or tranexamic gel (brown spots and skin hyperpigmentation). Aside from making these less noticeable, you’ll also experience less stress from day to day.

You can also buy sunscreens if you’re planning to stay outdoors for long periods of time (although it’s still recommended to limit your hours). It’s also good to adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle. After all, your skin is a part of your body. How you take care of your body will eventually reflect on how your skin appears.